The kidneys are a pair of small, bean-shaped organs located towards the
back of the torso, behind the lower ribs. Although people are born with a
pair of kidneys, the body can still function efficiently with just one
How Kidneys Function
The functions of the kidneys include: filtering wastes from the blood,
balancing the body's fluid content, regulating blood pressure and red
blood cell production
What Causes Kidney Damage?
The kidneys can become damaged and unable to function normally due to
kidney disease, infections, uncontrollable high blood pressure or
because of complications from diabetes mellitus.
Reasons for Kidney Transplant
If kidney failure develops, kidney transplantation may be recommended to
replace the damaged kidney with a healthy, donated kidney. The donated
kidney can come from a live donor or from a recently deceased donor.
After Kidney Transplant
As with any organ transplant, the kidney recipient will require
life-long treatment with medications that suppress the immune response
in order to prevent the body’s immune system from rejecting the
Risks of Kidney Transplant Surgery
There are several potential complications associated with this procedure
that should be discussed with a doctor prior to surgery.